- Elephants live
on average up to 70 years.
- There are only two distinct types of elephants: the African elephant and the Asian elephant.
- The African elephant is the largest of all land mammals.
normally walk about 4 mph (6 kph).
are able to swim for long distances.
spend about 16 hours a day eating.
- Elephants consume
as much as 300-495 pounds (130 – 250 kg) of food per day.
- Elephants live
in tight social units led by an older matriarch.
- Elephant males
(bulls) leave the herd between the ages of 12 and 15.
- Elephant tusks
are made of ivory and are actually enormously enlarged incisors.
- Elephants’ eyes
are small and they have poor eyesight.
- Elephants have
the largest brains in the animal kingdom.
elephant's foot is a spongy pad with four or five toes and toenails. The pad acts
like a cushion, with each step, absorbing the impact and taking some strain off
- One ear from
a bull African elephant weighs more than 100 pounds (45 kg).
- Elephants do
not have sweat glands.
have 6 sets of molar teeth; when the last set is lost, the animal is unable to
eat and eventually dies.
can give birth every three to four years. Gestation period is almost two years.
Babies are roughly 250 pounds (100 kg) when born.
elephant's trunk is actually a long nose used for smelling, breathing,
trumpeting, drinking, and also for grabbing things-especially a potential meal.
The trunk alone contains about 100,000 different muscles. African elephants
have two finger-like features on the end of their trunk that they can use to
grab small items.
- Height at
the shoulder: 8.2 to 13 ft (2.5 to 4 m).
- Weight: 5,000
to 14,000 pounds (2,268 to 6,350 kg).