• Elephants live on average up to 70 years.
  • There are only two distinct types of elephants: the African elephant and the Asian elephant. 
  • The African elephant is the largest of all land mammals.
  • Elephants normally walk about 4 mph (6 kph).
  • Elephants are able to swim for long distances.
  • Elephants spend about 16 hours a day eating.
  • Elephants consume as much as 300-495 pounds (130 – 250 kg) of food per day.
  • Elephants live in tight social units led by an older matriarch.
  • Elephant males (bulls) leave the herd between the ages of 12 and 15.
  • Elephant tusks are made of ivory and are actually enormously enlarged incisors.
  • Elephants’ eyes are small and they have poor eyesight.
  • Elephants have the largest brains in the animal kingdom.
  • The elephant's foot is a spongy pad with four or five toes and toenails. The pad acts like a cushion, with each step, absorbing the impact and taking some strain off the leg.
  • One ear from a bull African elephant weighs more than 100 pounds (45 kg).
  • Elephants do not have sweat glands.
  • Elephants have 6 sets of molar teeth; when the last set is lost, the animal is unable to eat and eventually dies.
  • Elephants can give birth every three to four years. Gestation period is almost two years. Babies are roughly 250 pounds (100 kg) when born.
  • An elephant's trunk is actually a long nose used for smelling, breathing, trumpeting, drinking, and also for grabbing things-especially a potential meal. The trunk alone contains about 100,000 different muscles. African elephants have two finger-like features on the end of their trunk that they can use to grab small items.
  • Height at the shoulder: 8.2 to 13 ft (2.5 to 4 m).
  • Weight: 5,000 to 14,000 pounds (2,268 to 6,350 kg).